Professional background

Lih-Mei Liao works part-time as a consultant clinical psychologist. She is the professional lead for Women’s Health Psychological Services and chairs the UCH Adult Psychology Leadership Team. Currently she provides weekly perinatal psychology clinics as part of the broader Perinatal Mental Health Service. On the gynaecology side, she provides a range of psychological interventions for adolescent and adult women with congenital pelvic anomalies. Recently she has begun to work with obstetricians, gynaecologists, midwives and advocacy groups to develop brief psychological interventions that target emotional and sexual difficulties related to ‘female genital mutilation’. She supervises colleagues on the psychosocial aspects of their research and collaborates with her teams and external academic institutions on a number of projects. She is co-/author of over a hundred publications including care guidances.

Research interests

  • Critical psychological perspectives of elective procedures
  • Sex and gender diversity in society


Global DSD Update Consortium. Global disorders of sex development update since 2006: perceptions, approach and care. Hormone Research in Pediatrics in press 2016.

POI Guideline Development Group. Management of Women with Premature Ovarian Insufficiency. European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology 2015.

Liao LM, Wood D, Creighton SM. Between a rock and a hard place: parents choosing normalising cosmetic genital surgery for their children. BMJ 2015; 351:h5124.

Liao L–M. Stonewalling emotion. In G Davies & E Feder (eds): Narrative Symposium: Intersex. Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 2015; 5(2):  143-150.

Elliott C, Creighton SM, Barker M-J, Liao L-M. A brief interactive training for health care professionals working with people affected by ‘female genital mutilation’: initial pilot evaluation with psychosexual therapists. Sexual & Relationship Therapy 2015, DOI: 10.1080/14681994.2015.1093614.

Liao LM, Lunn SJ, Baker, M. Menopause: Male partners talking. Sexual and Relationship Therapy 2014,

Silcock C, Liao LM, Hill M, Chitty LS. Attitudes to informed choice in non-invasive prenatal diagnosis: A multi-centre study of pregnant women and their care providers. Health Expectations 2014 doi: 10.1111/hex.12159.

Green B, Evans J, Subair S, Liao LM. Maternal request for Caesarean section: Experiences of a pilot care pathway. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2014 DOI: 10.3109/01443615.2013.873776.

Liao LM, Baker E, Boyle ME, Woodhouse CRJ, Creighton SM. Experiences of surgical approaches to continence management for cloacal anomalies: a qualitative analysis based on six women. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2013.11.011.

Liao LM, Simmonds M. A values-driven and evidence-based health care psychology for diverse sex development. Psychology & Sexuality 2014 doi:10.1080/19419899.2013.831217.

Liao LM, Roen K. ‘Intersex’/’DSD’ after Chicago: new developments and challenges for psychologists. Psychology & Sexuality 2014. doi:10.1080/19419899.2013.831210

Creighton SM, Liao LM. Tackling FGM in the UK – Intercollegiate Recommendations are welcomed, but where is the action plan? BMJ 2013; 347:f7150.

Liao LM, Simmonds M. Communicating about Diverse Sex Development. In J Wiggens & A Middleton (Eds.) Getting the Message Across: Practical Advice for Genetics Health Care Professionals. Oxford University Press 2013, pp42-60.

Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists Ethical Opinion Paper: Considerations in Relation to Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery. RCOG, 2013.

British Society of Paediatric & Adolescent Gynaecology Position Statement: Labial Reduction Surgery on Adolescents. BritSPAG, 2013.

Liao LM, Simmonds M. Communicating about Diverse Sex Development. In J Wiggens & A Middleton (Eds.) Getting the Message Across: Practical Advice for Genetics Health Care Professionals. Oxford University Press 2013, pp42-60.

Chadwick PM, Smyth A, Liao LM. A group intervention to improve self-esteem for women diagnosed with Turner’s syndrome. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology 2013, DOI:10.1016/j.jpag.2013.09.004.

Liao LM, Elliott C, Ahmed F, Creighton SM. Recall of female genital mutilation and perceptions of its health consequences: a pilot study for service improvement and research feasibility. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2013; 33(3):292-5. DOI 10.3109/01443615.2012.758695.

Liao LM, Audi L, Magritte E, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Quigley C. Determinants of gender identity: A commentary. Journal of Pediatric Urology 2012, 8: 597-601.

Liao LM, Taghinejadi N, Creighton SM. A content and implications analysis of online advertisements for female genital cosmetic surgery. BMJ Open 2012; 2:e001908. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001908.

British Psychological Society Guidelines and Literature Review for Psychologists Working Therapeutically with Sexual and Gender Minority Clients. Leicester: BPS 2012.

Liao LM, Conway GS, Ismail-Pratt IS, Bikoo M, Creighton SM. Emotional and sexual wellness and quality of life in women with Rokitansky syndrome. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2011, 205(2): 117.e1-117.e6

Liao L-M, Tacconelli E, Wood D, Conway GS, Creighton SM. Adolescent girls with disorders of sex development: a needs analysis of transitional care. Journal of Pediatric Urology 2010, 6: 609-13.

Liao L-M, Michala L, Creighton S. Labial surgery for well women: a review of the literature. British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2010; 117(1): 20-25.

Liao L-M, Green H, Creighton SM, Crouch NS, Conway GS. Service users’ experiences of obtaining and giving information about disorders of sex development. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2010, 117(2): 193-199.


GMC/GDC number: HCPC number: PYL17000