Dr Richard Greenwood

Dr Richard GreenwoodTel: 020 3448 3416
Fax: 020 3448 8715
Email: richard.greenwood2@nhs.net

Location:
National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery

Specialities:
Acute Stroke and Brain Injury Unit, Traumatic Brain Injury Outpatient Clinic, Hyper-acute stroke unit (HASU)

Professional background

Present positions

  • Consultant Neurologist, Homerton Hospital, and the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery,
  • Lead Clinician, Acute Brain Injury Service, The National  Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery/University College Hospital, and
  • Homerton Regional Neurological Rehabilitation Unit; 
  • Consultant Emeritus, St Bartholomew’s Hospital
  • Recognised Teacher, University of London, 1997
  • Visiting Professor, Department of Health Sciences, University of East London, 1998
  • External Examiner, School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies, University of Reading, 2001
  • GMC Medical Examiner, 2006

Research interests

I have focussed on the development of acute and early inpatient rehabilitation services for patients after vascular and traumatic brain injury, and have reflected this as founder consultant member and lead clinician of the novel Acute Brain Injury Service at The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery and University College London Hospitals, and clinical lead of the Homerton University Hospital Regional Neurological Rehabilitation Unit, as well as in my research output at the level of pathology, impairment and function after brain injury.

Publications

Last 5 years:

Book:
Greenwood R, Barnes MP, McMillan TM, Ward CD, editors. Handbook of Neurological Rehabilitation.  London, Psychology Press, 2003.

Chapters:
Andrews K, Greenwood R.  Physical consequences of neurological disablement.  In:  Greenwood R, Barnes M P, McMillan T M, Ward C D, editors.  Neurological Rehabilitation.  Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1993: 199-218

Partridge C, Cornall C A, Lynch M E, Greenwood R J.  Physical therapies.  In:  Greenwood R, Barnes M P, McMillan T M, Ward C D, editors.  Neurological Rehabilitation.  Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1993:  189-198
                                                                            McMillan T M, Greenwood  R J, Head injury.  In:  Greenwood R, Barnes M P, McMillan T M, Ward C D, editors. Neurological Rehabilitation.  Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1993:  437-450
                                                                                
Cowan J, Greenwood R, Fletcher N. Disorders of the peripheral nerve.  In:  Greenwood R, Barnes M P, McMillan T M, Ward C D, editors.   Neurological Rehabilitation.  Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone, 1993:  607-614

Yamey G, Greenwood R J.  Physical consequences of neurological disablement.  In:  Greenwood R, Barnes M P, McMillan T M, Ward C D, editors.  Handbook of Neurological Rehabilitation.  London, Psychology Press, 2003:  191-222

McMillan T M, Greenwood R J.  Head injury rehabilitation.    In:  Greenwood R, Barnes M P, McMillan T M, Ward C D, editors.  Handbook of Neurological Rehabilitation.  London, Psychology Press, 2003:  465-486

Edwards S, Mawson S, Greenwood R J.  Physical therapies.  In:  Greenwood R, Barnes M P, McMillan T M, Ward C D, editors.  Handbook of Neurological Rehabilitation.  London, Psychology Press, 2003:  179-190

Reilly M, Greenwood R J.  Disorders of the peripheral nerve.  In:  Greenwood R, Barnes M P, McMillan T M, Ward C D, editors.  Handbook of Neurological Rehabilitation.  London, Psychology Press, 2003:  695-704

Greenwood R. The impact of the disease: a medical view. In: Losseff N, editor. Neurological rehabilitation of  stroke. London, Taylor & Francis, 2004: 49-62

Greenwood R, Ward N. Rehabilitation of Stroke. In: Schapira AHV, editor. Neurology and Clinical Neuroscience. Philadelphia,  Mosby Elsevier, 2007: 645-660

Peer reviewed papers:
Gilmore R, Aram J, Powell J, Greenwood R. Treatment of oro-facial hypersensitivity following brain injury. Brain Inj  2003; 17:  347-54

Edwards MJ, McNeil JE, Greenwood RJ. Process and outcome during early inpatient rehabilitation after brain injury.  Dis Rehabil 2003; 25: 405-10

Maravita A, McNeil J, Malhotra P, Greenwood R, Husain M, Driver J. Prism adaptation can improve contralesional tactile perception in neglect.  Neurology, 2003; 60:  1829-31

Bradley LJ, Greenwood RJ, Silk DBA. Clinically significant benign pneumoperitoneum as a complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.  Clin Rehabil 2003; 17:  228-9

Dawes H, Bateman A, Culpan J, Scott O, Wade D T, Roach N, Greenwood R. The effect of increasing effort on movement economy during incremental cycling exercise in individuals early after acquired brain injury.  Clin Rehabil 2003; 17:  528-34

Lewis MJ, Greenwood RJ, Brew S, Jäger HR.  Economy class stroke syndromes:  vertebral artery dissection revisited.  J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr 2003; 74: 1593-7

Strens LHA, Mazibrada G, Duncan JS, Greenwood R. Misdiagnosing the vegetative state after severe brain injury: the influence of medications.  Brain Inj 2004; 18:  213-8

Liu C, McNeil JE, Greenwood RJ. Rehabilitation outcomes after brain injury: disability measures or goal achievement? Clin Rehabil 2004; 18: 398-404

Warren JD, Hu MTM, Galloway M, Greenwood RJ, Rossor MN. Observations on the human rejection behaviour syndrome: Denny-Brown revisited. Movement Disorders 2004; 19: 860-2
 
Yamey G, Greenwood RJ. Religious views of the ‘medical’ rehabilitation model: a pilot qualitative study. Dis Rehabil 2004; 26: 455-62

Deschamps MJL, Lewis MJ, Hart PE, Brew S, Jager HR, Greenwood R. Brainstem infarction during long-haul airtravel. Eur Neurol 2004; 52:181-4

Powell J, Kitchen N, Heslin J, Greenwood R. Psychosocial outcomes at 18 months after  good neurological recovery from aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2004; 75: 1119-24

Tuckey J, Greenwood R. Rehabilitation after severe Guillain- Barre syndrome: the use of partial body weight  support. Physiother Res Int 2004; 9: 96-103

Greenwood R. Acute rehabilitation after severe head injury. Brit J Neurosurg  2004: 18: 573-5

Greenwood RJ, Strens LHA, Watkin J, Losseff N, Brown MM. A study of acute rehabilitation after head injury. Brit J Neurosurg 2004; 18: 462-6

Pickard JD, Seeley HM, Kirker S, Maimaris C, McGlashan K, Roels E, Greenwood R, Steward C, Hutchinson PJ, Carroll G. Mapping rehabilitation resources for head injury. J Roy Soc Med 2004; 97: 384-9.
 
Malhotra P, Jager HR, Parton A, Greenwood R, Playford ED, Brown MM, Driver J, Husain M. Spatial working memory capacity in unilateral neglect. Brain 2005; 128: 424-35
Marsden J, Greenwood R. Physiotherapy after stroke; define, divide and conquer. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2005; 76:465-6

Baird A, Papadopoulou C, Greenwood R, Cipolotti L. Memory function after resolution of post-traumatic amnesia. Brain Injury 2005; 19: 811-17.

Bhatt H, Matharu MS, Henderson K, Greenwood R. An audit of first seizures presenting to an Accident and Emergency department. Seizure 2005; 14: 58-61.

Houlden H, Edwards M, McNeil J, Greenwood R. Use of the Barthel Index and Functional Independence Measure during early inpatient rehabilitation after single incident brain injury. Clin Rehab 2006; 20: 1-7

Elliott B, Patel P, Matharu M, Amos R, Machin S, Liu C, Greenwood R. Prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism during early inpatient rehabilitation after aquired brain injury: how guidelines change management. Disability and Rehabilitation 2006; 28: 333-7.

Ward NS, Newton JM, Swayne OBC, Lee L, Thompson AJ, Greenwood RJ,  Rothwell JC,  
Frackowiak RSJ. Motor system activation after subcortical stroke depends on corticospinal
system integrity. Brain, 2006; 129: 809-19

Mockova M, Greenwood RJ, Day BL. A method for quantifying directional strength and
motor control of the trunk. J Neurosci Methods 2006; 156: 211-217

Talelli P, Greenwood RJ, Rothwell JC. Arm function after stroke: Neurophysiological correlates and recovery mechanisms assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol 2006;117:1641-59.

Greenwood R. Trauma and rehabilitation. Curr Opinion Neurol 2006; 19: 513.

Leary SM, Liu C, Cheesman AL, Ritter A, Thompson S, Greenwood R. Incontinence after brain injury: prevalence, outcome and multidisciplinary management on a neurological rehabilitation unit. Clin Rehabil 2006; 20: 1094-9.
 
Cramp MC, Greenwood RJ, Gill M, Rothwell JC, Scott OM. Low intensity strength training for ambulatory stroke patients. Disabil Rehabil 2006; 28: 883-9.

Houlden H, Greenwood R. Apolipoprotein E4 and traumatic brain injury. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr 2006; 77: 1106-7.
                                                                                           Fleminger S, Greenwood RJ, Oliver DL.Pharmacological management for agitation and aggression in people with acquired brain injury. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online), 2006 (epub), no. 4, p. CD003299, 112 refs, ISSN: 1469-493X.

Valentine T, Powell J, Davidoff J, Letson S, Greenwood R. Prevalence and correlates of face recognition impairments after acquired brain injury. Neuropsychol Rehabil 2006; 16: 272-97.

Sarri M, Kalra L, Greenwood R, Driver J. Prism adaptation changes perceptual awareness for chimeric visual objects but not for chimeric faces in spatial neglect after right-hemisphere stroke. Neurocase 2006; 12: 127-35.

Malhotra PA, Parton AD, Greenwood R, Husain M. Noradrenergic modulation of space exploration in visual neglect. Ann Neurol 2006; 59: 186-90.
 
Talelli P, Greenwood RJ, Rothwell JC. Exploring Theta Burst Stimulation as an intervention to improve motor recovery in chronic stroke. Clin Neurophysiol 2007; 118: 333-42

Ward NS, Newton J, Swayne OBC, Lee L, Frackowiak RSJ, Thompson AJT, Greenwood RJ, Rothwell JC. The relationship between brain activity and peak grip force is modulated by corticospinal system integrity after subcortical stroke. Eur J Neurosci 2007, 25;: 1865–1873.

Mazibrada G, Tariq S, Pérennou D, Gresty M, Greenwood R, Bronstein AM. The peripheral nervous system and the perception of verticality. Gait Posture 2008; 27: 202-8.

Sarri M, Greenwood R, Kalra L, Papps B, Husain M, Driver J. Prism adaptation aftereffects in stroke patients with spatial neglect: pathological effects on subjective straight ahead but not visual open-loop pointing. Neuropsychologia 2008 46; 1069-80

Powell J, Letson S, Davidoff J, Valentine T, Greenwood R. Enhancement of face recognition learning in patients with brain injury using three cognitive training procedures. Neuropsychol Rehabil 2008; 18: 182-203.

Dalton CM, Jäger HR, Losseff NA, Greenwood RJ. Neurological picture. Varicella zoster virus and intracranial dolichoectasia in a late adult cancer survivor. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr 2008; 79: 573.

Swayne OBC, Rothwell JC, Ward NS, Greenwood RJ. Stages of motor output reorganization after  hemispheric stroke suggested by longitudinal studies of cortical physiology. Cereb Cortex 2008; 18: 1909-22.

Sivaraman V, Au-Yeung A, Brew S, McEvoy AW, Greenwood R. An infected arachnoid cyst in an elderly patient. J Neurol 2008; 255:1088-9.

Oliver R, Bjoertomt O, Greenwood R, Rothwell J. 'Noisy patients'-can signal detection theory help? Nat Clin Pract Neurol 2008; 4: 306-16.

Pérennou DA, Mazibrada G, Chauvineau V, Greenwood R, Rothwell J,. Gresty MA, Bronstein AM. Lateropulsion, pushing and verticality perception in hemisphere stroke: a causal relationship? Brain 2008 131: 2401-2413.

Talelli P, Greenwood R. Recurrent stroke: where do we stand with the secondary prevention of noncardioembolic ischaemic strokes? Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis 2008; 2: 387-405

Cheeran B, Talelli P, Mori F, Koch G, Suppa A, Edwards M, Houlden H, Bhatia K, Greenwood R, Rothwell JC. A common polymorphism in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene (BDNF) modulates human cortical plasticity and the response to rTMS. J Physiol. 2008; 586: 5717-25.

Cheeran B, Cohen L, Dobkin B et al. The future of the restorative neurosciences in stroke: driving the restorative research pipeline from basic science to rehabilitation of people after stroke. J Neurorehab Neural Rep 2009; 23: 97-107

Teo JT, Terranova C, Swayne O, Greenwood RJ, Rothwell JC. Differing effects of intracortical circuits on plasticity. Exp Brain Res. 2009; 193: 555-63.

Sarri M, Greenwood R, Kalra L, Driver J. Task-related modulation of visual neglect in cancellation tasks. Neuropsychologia. 2009; 47: 91-103.

Oliver R, Bjoertomt O, Driver J, Greenwood R, Rothwell J. Novel ‘hunting’ method using transcranial magnetic stimulation over parietal cortex disrupts visuospatial sensitivity in relation to motor thresholds. Neuropsychologia. 2009; 47: 3152-61.

Swayne OB, Teo JT, Greenwood RJ, Rothwell JC. The facilitatory effects of intermittent theta burst stimulation on corticospinal excitability are enhanced by nicotine. Clin Neurophysiol. 2009; 120: 1610-5.

Teo JT, Terranova C, Swayne O, Greenwood RJ, Rothwell JC. Differing effects of             intracortical circuits on polasticity. Exp Brain Res 2009; 193: 555-63

Sarri M, Greenwood R, Kalra L, Driver J. Task-related modulation of visual neglect in  cancellation tasks. Neuropsychologia. 2009; 47: 91-103.

Cramp MC, Greenwood RJ, Gill M, Lehmann A, Rothwell JC, Scott OM. Effectiveness of a community based low intensity exercise programme for ambulatory stroke survivors. Disabil Rehabil. 2010; 32: 239-47.

Wallace AC, Talelli P, Dileone M, Oliver R, Ward N, Cloud G, Greenwood R, Di Lazzaro V, Rothwell JC, Marsden JF. Standardizing the intensity of upper limb treatment in rehabilitation medicine. Clin Rehabil 2010; 24: 471-8.

Zlotowitz S, Fallow K, Illingworth V, Liu C, Greenwood R, Papps B.Teaching action sequences after brain injury: a comparison of modelling and moulding techniques. Clin Rehabil 2010; 24: 632-8.

Oliver R, Opavsky R, Vyslouzil M, Greenwood R, Rothwell JC. The role of the cerebellum in 'real' and 'imaginary' line bisection explored with 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Eur J Neurosci. 2011; 33: 1724-32.

Kinnunen KM, Greenwood R, Powell JH, Leech R, Hawkins PC, Bonnelle V, Patel MC, Counsell SJ, Sharp DJ. White matter damage and cognitive impairment after traumatic brain injury. Brain. 2011; 134: 449-63.

Teo JT, Swayne OB, Cheeran B, Greenwood RJ, Rothwell JC. Human theta burst stimulation enhances subsequent motor learning and increases performance variability. Cereb Cortex. 2011; 21: 1627-38.

GMC/GDC number: 1469530