Laryngeal (larynx) cancer 

Laryngeal cancer is a type of cancer that affects the larynx (voice box). The larynx is part of the throat found at the entrance of the windpipe (trachea). It plays an important role in helping you breathe and speak.

The risk associated with developing a laryngeal cancer is increased by smoking tobacco, regularly drinking large amounts of alcohol and having an unhealthy diet. The condition is more common in people over the age of 50. It is about four times more common in men than women.

The main treatments for laryngeal cancer are radiotherapy, surgery and chemotherapy. Radiotherapy or surgery to remove the cancerous cells from the larynx can often cure laryngeal cancer if it's diagnosed early. If the cancer is advanced, a combination of surgery to remove part (or all) of the larynx, radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be used.

If you have surgery to remove your larynx you will breathe via a different route, but every effort is undertaken to maintain voice production. Breathing will be through a permanent hole in your neck (stoma) and you will need additional treatment to help restore your voice. This may include an implant in your throat, or an electrical device you hold against your throat to produce sound.

Fortunately, most laryngeal cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, which means the outlook is generally better than some other types of cancer.

Read more about diagnosing and treating head and neck cancer at UCLH.

 Consultants

Miss Safina Ali, Consultant ENT Head and Neck Surgeon

Safina Ali

Miss Ali is a graduate of the University of Glasgow. Her specialist Ear, Nose & Throat training was in Edinburgh and Aberdeen. She then embarked on two Royal College of Surgeons of England post- CCT Fellowships in Advanced Head & Neck Cancer Surgery at Guys and St Thomas’ and then Charing Cross Hospital. Miss Ali completed a Research Fellowship from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre, New York during her training.

After fellowship training she was appointed a consultant ENT/ Head & Neck Surgeon at the Royal London and University College Hospitals in February 2016. Miss Ali is a core member of the head and neck and thyroid cancer MDTs, based between the Royal London and UCL Hospitals. She maintains a busy practice in adult ENT with her sub-specialist interest in head and neck cancer surgery.

“The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others”

Mr Ghassan Alusi, Consultant ENT Head and Neck Surgeon

Mr Ghassan Alusi

Mr Ghassan Alusi joins UCLH as part of the head and neck consultant team from The Royal London Hospital. He is deeply involved in research into image guided surgery, for which he was awarded a PhD by Leicester University.

Mr Alusi manages complex head and neck surgery and thyroid disorders. He is a senior surgeon within the Head and Neck Unit at Barts and The Royal London NHS Trust.

Mr Alusi's general training was at The Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear, St Bartholomew's, The Royal Marsden and The Royal Free Hospital. He became a Consultant at St Bartholomew's and The Royal London Hospitals in 2000.

Mr Raghav Dwivedi

Mr Dwivedi is a full-time consultant ear, nose, throat (ENT) / head & neck surgeon at the University College London Hospitals (UCLH), London. He is also an honorary clinical associate professor at the University College London. Prior to joining UCLH in 2019 he was a consultant head & neck surgeon at QEUH Glasgow.

Full consultant profile

 

Mr Khalid Ghufoor, Consultant ENT Head and Neck Surgeon

Mr Khalid Ghufoor

Mr Khalid Ghufoor was appointed as a consultant in ENT head and neck surgery 2002 at St Bartholomew’s and The Royal London Hospitals. He has a specialist interest in minimal access surgical techniques for dealing with cancers of the head and neck particularly transoral microscopic laser surgery. He has developed a sub-specialist interest in thyroid and salivary gland surgery, laryngeal and pharyngeal tumours, airway restorative surgery and rehabilitative surgery for laryngopharyngeal dysfunction following treatment of cancer of the head and neck. He has also worked at the Royal national Throat Nose and Ear Hospital since 2005 running a tertiary laryngotracheal service. He is the head of the ENT department at Barts Health since 2014. Mr Ghufoor has been a programme and training director for North Thames ENT since 2011.

Mr Jonathan Hughes, Consultant ENT Head and Neck Surgeon

Mr Jonathan Hughes

Mr Hughes graduated from the University of Bristol Medical School in 2000. His higher surgical training included placements at recognised centres of excellence, including The Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear, Imperial College and University College.

During his ENT training, Jonathan was awarded the Royal College of Surgeons of England Research Fellowship to undertake research into oncolytic viral gene therapy, which culminated in the award of PhD in 2013.

Following ENT training and research, he completed two Royal College of Surgeons of England accredited fellowships in head and neck surgery, and laryngology (voice / airway / swallowing); forming the basis of his super-specialist interests.

In 2014, Jonathan visited Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre and Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania to learn minimally-invasive and robotic head and neck surgery from world leaders in the field.

“Making decisions about the best individualised treatment for a patient with head and neck cancer can be challenging. I take pride in guiding patients through this process and making the best choice based on their personal needs.”

Mr Richard Millard, Consultant ENT Head and Neck Surgeon

Mr Richard Millard
Coming soon...

Mr Paul O Flynn, Consultant ENT Head and Neck Surgeon

Mr Paul O'Flynn

Mr Paul O’Flynn is a consultant ENT head and neck surgeon at UCLH. After qualifying in 1982 he trained in London and Nottingham before returning to The Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital in 1993 as a consultant.

His main clinical interests are in head and neck surgery, particularly salivary gland, thyroid and laryngological surgery.

He is an honorary senior lecturer at UCL.

Full consultant profile

Mr Paul Stimpson, Consultant ENT Head and Neck Surgeon

Mr Paul Stimpson

Mr Stimpson has a special interest in benign and malignant conditions of the head and neck region including thyroid and salivary gland disorders.

He completed his higher surgical training in the North Thames region. During this training period he completed placements at major London teaching hospitals including Great Ormond Street, Barts Health, The Royal Marsden Hospital, Charing Cross Hospital and The Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital. In addition to his specialist experience in London, he undertook a 12 month advanced surgical oncology fellowship in Melbourne, Australia prior to taking up his substantive consultant post at Barts Health in 2014.

He was lead clinician and chairman of the Barts Health Head and Neck Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) for 3 years before moving to UCLH as a substantive consultant in 2019. He is lead clinician for the MDT unification project to improve patient outcomes for H&N cancer in North East and North Central London.

He is is actively involved with research, audit, training and teaching and sits on the education board of the UCL H&N Academy. He is a core member of the UCLH H&N and Thyroid MDT. He is an Honorary Consultant Surgeon at Princess Alexandra Hospital, Harlow.

“Across our region we have a great team of specialists who are dedicated to improving the lives of head and neck cancer patients. At UCLH we are in a unique position to provide state of the art surgical care and we strive for excellence in everything we do.”

Mr Francis Vaz, Consultant ENT Head and Neck Surgeon

Mr Francis Vaz

Mr Vaz qualified from the University of London through The United Medical and Dental Schools of Guys and St Thomas’ Hospitals in 1994 and has visited institutions around the world to broaden his experience and to bring an international flavour to his practice.

Mr Vaz has published widely on all aspects of ENT surgery and has contributed chapters to major ENT and general medical textbooks. He has received prestigious awards from The Royal College of Surgeons (Lionel College Fellowship) and also The British Association of Head and Neck Surgeons (BAHNO Travelling Fellowship).

“The treatment for head and neck cancer is increasingly individualised for every patient. It is wonderful to work within a team that offers the patient a high level of expertise, to tailor the treatments to the patient, as not all treatments are suitable for every patient.”

Full consultant profile